I’d first like to thank you all for making this blog such a success. In the course of 2 months these lessons have been in over 70 countries, reached 3,000 people and have had 10,000 documented downloads. I say documented, because I can’t get stats from my Dropbox. So, THANK YOU again, and I hope these lessons have helped your understanding of music, if not your actual playing. Before you go on, if you haven’t already liked us on Facebook or followed us on Twitter, please do so. Throughout the week, more material, such as corresponding chord tones just may be dropped. On to the fun stuff!!!
The Phrygian mode sounds really cool. There’s no getting around it, but if you’ve ever played a simple major scale then you’ve played the Phrygian Mode. The Phrygian Mode begins on the third note of the Major Scale. In past lessons I have switched back and forth between saying Major Scale and Ionian Mode, because they are the same thing. Ionian is the first mode in the Major Scale, Dorian is the second, and Phrygian is the third.
Before we go any further I must direct you over to the Dropbox Folder Phrygian containing the flash cards and audio tracks for this lesson. There is an audio track for getting an ear for the scale and to play along to, as well a track containing a groove to play along to.
We have been traversing the C Major Scale in order to learn the modes thus far. The C Major Scale contains no flats or sharps, which makes it ideal. Always remember that in any key you can play these modes. If we were in G major (Ionian) we would play A Dorian and B Phrygian. In any key we can count down two whole steps (4 frets) and find ourselves in the Phrygian mode, playing from that note to its octave keeping in the notes of the major scale it is derived from. In the above figure you can see the first three modes in the major scale beginning on C. You will also notice the overlapping colors of the dots. This shows that the modes are all connected. Depending on the degree you begin on it will dictate the mode.
It is important for us as bass players to be versatile in our knowledge as well as ability. So, I have made cards showing the different positions in which you can play E Phrygian. Anywhere you find an E, it will be the one of the Mode. It is up to you and what the song calls for, as to whether or not you play a more horizontal mode, ascending or descending. For the sake of clarity and conformity with other lessons I have labeled them First, Third and Fourth Finger Positions. Depending upon your hand size you may play the Third Finger Position beginning on your Middle Finger instead, or the Fourth Finger Position beginning on your Third Finger instead. It is up to you what you do, but remember to keep your form as you play. Be sure to get the other flashcards from the Dropbox folder showing the other hand positions.
After all is said and done, you may know the scales, modes and patterns but if you don’t know how to apply them then the knowledge is useless. We call this application or wisdom, applied knowledge. Let’s briefly discuss some of the things we already know. We can play C Major, A Minor, D Dorian and the Fourth Position of the Pentatonic scale over a Phrygian groove. All of these scales and modes correspond to one another. You already have 5 great tools in your belt to take to any track! The below figure depicts the fourth position in the G Minor Pentatonic, or D Phrygian. Move this shape down to E as the 1.
So, I have supplied a track labelled E Phrygian Scale which will give you the Phrygian tonality, from E-E, using only the notes from the C Major Scale.
If have also supplied a track labelled E Phrygian Groove. This one is a little more tricky, because I have added Phrygian chords (sus2sus4; sus2 min(7)b9…etc), but the corresponding chord tones are supplied.
The E Phrygian Groove progresses in this way.
Drums 4 bars
2x Eminb9(EFG) – Emin7 (EDG) – Gsus2sus4 (GAC)- Fmaj7 (FAE)
4x Cmaj (CEG) – Eminb9 (EFG) – Gsus2 (GAD) – Emin (EGB) – Amin (ACE) (4x)
Drums 8 bars
Try to play at least two of the chord tones supplied per chord. You may have to listen through once or twice in order to get the pattern down. On the Eminb9 in the second part it may be only possible to play one of the chord tones, but as you progress you may want to play lead in notes (half-step above or below the chord tone). You’ll learn to slide into the chord tones and you’ll be making beautiful bass lines in no time.
If there is something you’d like explained more, please don’t hesitate to ask in the comment section below or on the link that got you here. I invite and anticipate your questions. My intention is not to be a bass instructor, but rather a bass help. Soon I am looking forward to being able to have videos up for you guys and gals, but I don’t want to do that until it can be quality material. Thanks and I look forward to Scaling Your Bass next week when we discuss the Lydian Mode.
Check out this YouTube video (which does not belong to me) in A Phrygian. (F Major) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZdK-RZQIuUM